Thursday, 14 November 2019

Child Labour


“Child Labour according to International Labour Organization (ILO) is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development”.
Child labour is one of the main scourges in our actual society. Over the world children or adolescents are maltreated, are sold as slaves, are forced to work and exposed to serious hazards. Child labour is a global concern because it affects all countries. Therefore, it deserves special attention, not only because of its globalization but also because of the people impacted i.e. children; the future of any nation. This is a brief summary of some important aspects of the phenomenon.
The worst forms of child labour: they include slavery, use in armed conflict, prostitution, production of pornography, waste sorting, narcotics trafficking etc., and any other work which, by its nature or the conditions in which it is achieved, can harm the safety, morals or health of children.     
                                                                                                                                                

Causes of child labour: several factors can be considered to explain the child labour. The following are the most important.
·    Poverty: it is considered as the main reason for parents to send their children to work to support the whole family. The more the families are financially sufficient, the less their children are exposed to this scourge.  It is the same poverty that prevents some parents from schooling their children, abandoning them in the streets or even selling them.
·    Flaws of the education system: low literacy rates, high tuition fees, lack of educational infrastructure, are all obstacles to education and aggravating factors to child labour.
·    Natural disaster and / or conflict: they provoke humanitarian crises, with its share of migrants, displaced persons and orphans of wars, which favour the vulnerability of children and the transgression of the legislations in force. Therefore, these children may end up without a birth certificate, thus not being able to prove their identity and age in the face of illegal exploitation.
·    Ignorance of parents: parents are unaware of the harmful effects of work on children, the positive impact of education, and the child labour laws in effect.
Causes of child labour are many and vary from one country to another according to the requirement of the employers. Children are a "cheap" workforce. They are not very demanding and easy to manage, creating a real interest of employers.
Consequences of child labour: if the world is standing up against child labour, it is because of its negative impact on children and on the entire society. some are listed below.
·    Education: when working, children cannot follow normal school program. They are deprived of their freedom to choose their future. Out of school, they are abandoned to themselves, can fall into drug use and banditry, becoming a threat to society.
·    Violence: physical, moral, mental and social abuse or sexual exploitation, children are vulnerable and exposed to multiple forms of violence in the workplace.
·    Health: Working conditions can have repercussions on children's health: they can be injured with tools that are inappropriate for their age, suffer the consequences of handling toxic substances, carry heavy loads that hinder their physical development. Moreover, the sexual violence of which they may be victims is the source of early pregnancy and contraction of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV / AIDS.
Some proposals: many solutions can be suggested. Below some important ones are listed.
·    Fight against poverty: poverty being considered as the main factor of the scourge, the implementation of programs to fight against poverty in areas such as education, health, nutrition etc. would contribute to a drastic reduction in the phenomenon of child labour.
·    Awareness: sensitize and inform parents and children about the risks of child labour.
·    Improvement of education system: create the necessary conditions for the schooling of all children.
·    Laws in force: a strict enforcement and strengthening of existing laws for better protection of children.
·    Reintegration: a reintegration program for children who are victims must also be considered.
The issue of child labour remains both crucial and complex. Children, the future of society, are deprived of their freedom to choose their future and to participate efficiently to the development of their countries. Thus, child labour becomes a barrier to the economic and social development of communities and countries. we must quickly act to eradicate this scourge and solutions are not lacking but a greater willingness of the decision-makers could accelerate its eradication.
By Mr. Kamagate Yaya, Intern. Marketing in Sigma Group of Institutes -Vadodara.
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Wednesday, 6 November 2019

Cancer awareness


Cancer awareness
“Cancer according to World Health Organization (WHO) is a generic term for a large group of diseases characterized by the growth of abnormal cells beyond their usual boundaries that can then invade adjoining parts of the body and/or spread to other organs. Other common terms used are malignant tumors and neoplasms. Cancer can affect almost any part of the body and has many anatomic and molecular sub types that each require specific management strategies”.

Lung, prostate, colorectal, stomach and liver cancer are the most common types of cancer in men, while breast, colorectal, lung, cervix and thyroid cancer are the most common among women. Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and is estimated to account for 9.6 million death in 2018. Cancer is therefore one of the deadliest diseases in the world.
Cancer causes or risk factors: A risk factor is a substance or condition that increases the risk of cancer. Very few cancers are caused by only one element. Most appear to be caused by a complex set of many risk factors, but sometimes cancer occurs in people who have no risk factors. Cancer risk factors can play different roles in cancer appearance and development. Examples of cancer risk factors include:
·     to smoke;
·    to drink alcohol;
·    to be in contact with harmful chemicals at home or at work;
·    to be infected with certain types of infections;
·    to carry certain genetic changes;
·    to get old;
·    the overweight or obese;
·    not to protect yourself from the sun;
·    not to have a healthy diet;
·    not to do enough physical activity.
Risk of cancer: the risk of cancer is the probability of being a cancer patient. Being informed about cancer risk can help you make informed choices about your health. In general, the more often and longer you are in contact with a risk factor, the higher the risk of getting cancer. Many years of exposure to a risk factor can occur before the cancer appears. Cancer usually appears as a result of exposure to many risk factors over time. You may be in contact with several risk factors during your daily activities. There are people who are more likely to have cancer because of certain risk factors. Even if a person has one or more risk factors, it is impossible to know exactly how much these factors may contribute to the future development of cancer. High risk does not mean that you will necessarily have cancer. Even people who are at low risk may have cancer. A low risk does not mean that cancer will not appear: it means that it is less likely that a person will be affected. It is not always clear why one person has cancer, and another is not.
Cancer risk assessment: Risk assessment is the study of information about an individual such as age, health history, family history, and lifestyle and diet choices to determine cancer risk. People often worry about their personal risk of getting cancer. Knowing your risk factors can help you make personal health choices that will reduce your risk of having certain cancers. Physicians use a variety of assessment tools to estimate a person's cancer risk. Your doctor may recommend genetic testing and genetic counselling if you think your risk may be higher than normal because of a family cancer syndrome or a family history of cancer. Understanding your cancer risk can also help you decide if it would be beneficial for you to:
·    start a screening program at a younger age or be screened more often than the general population or
·    have surgery or take medication to help reduce your risk of cancer.
Cancer is delicate to treat or manage and whose treatments are extremely expensive when they are available, that's why experts opt for prevention to reduce the risk factors.
According to current evidence, between 30% and 50% of cancer deaths could be prevented by modifying or avoiding key risk factors, including avoiding tobacco products, reducing alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy body weight, exercising regularly and addressing infection-related risk factors.
To reduce the significant disability, suffering and deaths caused by cancer worldwide, effective and affordable programmes in early diagnosis, screening, treatment, and palliative care are needed. Treatment options may include surgery, medicines and/or radiotherapy; treatment planning should be guided by tumour type, stage and available resources and informed by the preference of the patient. Palliative care, which focuses on improving the quality of life of patients and their families, is an essential components of cancer care. Accelerated action is needed to improve cancer care, achieve global targets to reduce deaths from cancer and provide health care for all consistent with universal health coverage.

By Mr. Kamagate Yaya, Intern. Marketing in Sigma Group of Institutes - Vadodara.
Sources:

Wednesday, 23 September 2015

Sports Life at Sigma


It is said that every child may or may not be interested in studies, but you’ll hardly find one who’ll say no to sports! Playing your favorite sport is something above happiness and every child has a soft corner for at least one sport! Knowing its importance, even the educational institutes have imbibed it in its system and now it is actually considered as an individual subject, where an interested child can select it for his further goals.

Not even schools, but also colleges lay stress on sports activities that can boost up every student physically as well. Certain colleges have special arrangements for various types of sports with all the facilities so that the every individual can opt for their favorite sport. Same goes with Sigma group of institutes in Vadodara. Known as one of the best college in Vadodara, it even has the best sports facilities here! Along with finest education structure, it even makes sure to take care about students’ requirements and hence, adheres to provide premium sports facilities in its campus itself.

With world class amenities, sigma group aims in rendering a quality as well as talent for sports – not only for the students here, but even for outside institutes. Having a team of professional coaches, counselors and trainers, every single student is groomed with its hidden abilities in his desired choice of sport. This engineering institute in Vadodara makes sure to provide a concrete platform for all the sports maniacs out there!

To list down, Sigma Group offers best trainers and infrastructure facilities for below mentioned sports:

  • Cricket
  • Football
  • Volleyball
  • Basketball
  • Tennis
  • Chess
  • Carom
  • Handball
  • Badminton and many more


Moreover, not only this but it actually makes sure that every student receives proper training be it technical, mental or practical. The entire approach is with a motto to provide an optimum learning environment for strengthening their physical abilities and helping them to defend from all odds. Sigma Group makes sure that their sports training helps all its students to do away with their weaknesses and fear by reaching greater heights with their performance and abilities.

With this unmatched approach, Sigma Group has already started its success stories with two major wins – one becoming the champions of the GTU cricket league and other by winning the football trophy under the same GTU sports circuit. Organizing sports fest like soccer fest was even a great hit! Thus, sports life at sigma makes sure that every student who has love for sports is well trained and well involved in all the upcoming sports events. It surely provides a plethora of sport opportunities to all the students who get amazing chances to become a star of their desired sport!